When using an equalizer (EQ) to master a song, there are several key frequency ranges that are commonly focused on to achieve a balanced and polished sound. These frequency ranges are referred to as “pressure points” and they can have a significant impact on the overall tonal balance of a mix.
Here are some of the main frequency pressure points to focus on when using EQ to master a song:
Sub-bass (20-60 Hz): The sub-bass frequency range can add weight and power to a mix, but if it’s too prominent, it can make the overall sound boomy and muddy.
Bass (60-250 Hz): The bass frequency range is where most of the energy in a mix is concentrated. A balanced bass response is essential for a good overall sound. A boost in this frequency range can give a mix a bigger and fuller sound, but too much can make it sound boomy and indistinct.
Low-mid (250-800 Hz): The low-mid frequency range is where most of the fundamental frequencies of vocals, guitars and bass instruments are concentrated. A boost in this frequency range can give a mix a warmer and more intimate sound, but too much can make it sound boxy and congested.
High-mid (800-2 kHz): The high-mid frequency range is where most of the presence and definition of vocals, guitars, and other instruments are located. A boost in this frequency range can give a mix a brighter and more detailed sound, but too much can make it sound harsh and fatiguing.
High (2-8 kHz): The high-frequency range is where most of the clarity and definition of a mix is located. A boost in this frequency range can give a mix a more airy and open sound, but too much can make it sound sibilant and harsh.
It’s important to remember that these are general guidelines and that every mix is different and may require different treatment. The best approach is to carefully listen to the mix, identify problem areas, make small adjustments using an EQ, and then listen again to confirm the changes.